Internet Introduction

What is Internet?

Short Internet history.

  • The Internet was created by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the U.S. government in 1960's and was first known as the ARPANet.
  • At this stage the Internet's first computers were at academic and government institutions and were mainly used for accessing files and to send email.
  • Since 1983 the Internet has accommodated a lot of changes and continues to keep developing.

How does the Internet work?

  • The Internet itself does not contain information, but is a network of networks, linking computers to computers sharing the TCP/IP protocols.
  • Each runs software to provide or "serve" information and/or to access and view information.
  • The Internet is the transport vehicle for the information stored in files or documents on another computer.
  • It is a slight misstatement to say a "document was found on the Internet".
  • It would be more correct to say it was found through or using the Internet.
  • The content that was found in (or on) exists in one of the computers linked to the Internet.

What does the internet offer?

  • With the Internet, you can access many libraries of any kind.
  • You can also get information about upcoming high-tech like launches from NASA.
  • You will find news reports from a lot paper and television companies.
  • You will find movies, music and how you can make different kinds of things.
  • It is also possible to visit a software archive and help yourself to shareware and public domain software.
  • You can view company home pages for product information and demonstrations.
  • You can buy nearly anything from companies worldwide.
  • In addition, you can subscribe to newsgroups that discuss science, law, cultures, and hundreds of other subjects.
    Examples of information made available:
    • databases
    • movie reviews
    • news services
    • chat groups
    • mailing lists
    • library catalogs
    • virtual museums
    • interactive games
    • imagebases
    • free software
    • free learning sites (this)
    • annotated bibliographies
    • educational resources
    • weather reports
    • radio broadcasts
    • and much, much more.

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