HTML Introduction

Short about HTML.

  • HTML was originally developed by Tim Berners-Lee while he was at CERN, and popularized by the Mosaic browser, which is developed at NCSA.
  • HTML is a special kind of text document.
  • HTML is used by Web browsers to present text and graphics.
  • During the course of the 1990s HTML has blossomed with the explosive growth of the Web.
  • Up to this time, HTML has been extended in a number of ways.
  • In this HTML learning, it's about HTML elements that are defined with tags and attributes as specified by the W3C HTML specification.

What is HTML?

  • HTML, or HyperText Markup Language supports three main functions:
    1. Hypertext, which means you can create a link in a Web page that leads the visitor to any other Web page or to practically anything else on the Internet.
    2. Universality, which means that because HTML documents are saved as Text Only files, virtually any computer can read a Web page.
    3. Markup language, which means that the HTML document contains Tags to create web pages and transmit important information during a request-response dialogue between included computers.

The HTML document.

  • HTML documents are text file with the extension .html or .htm.
  • There are many IDE tools that you can download and use to create HTML documents, but to start with a simple text editor such as Notepad provides perhaps a better understanding of the HTML coding.
  • When you have created a HTML file with HTML tags and saved it to your computer's file directory, you can only doubleclick on the file to run it in your default browser.

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