CSS Reference

"direction" - css property (v. css 2)

  • Specifies the base writing direction of blocks with text.
  • In addition, it specifies the direction of table column layout, the direction of horizontal overflow, and the position of an incomplete last line in a block in case of 'text-align' : justify.
  • Initial value: ltr
  • The property is inherited
  • HTML usage: all elements
  • For the 'direction' property to affect reordering in inline-level elements, the 'unicode-bidi' property's value must be 'embed' or 'override'.
  • Browsers that support the direction - property :
    Internet Explorer Mozilla Firefox Opera Google Chrome Apple Safari

Possible direction values:

values Comments CSS
ltr Left-to-right direction. 2
rtl Right-to-left direction. 2
inherit Will inherit the value from parent specification. 2

Property "direction" example:

<!DOCTYPE HTML >
<html  >
  <head>
    <title>Test</title>
    <style type="text/css">
      div {border: blue 1px solid; color:green;
           padding: 4px 4px 4px 4px; width: 400px;}
      .rtl1 {direction: rtl;}
      .rtl2 {direction: rtl;
             unicode-bidi: bidi-override;}
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    direction: rtl;<br>
    <div class='rtl1' >In addition, it specifies
      the direction of table column layout,
      the direction of horizontal overflow,
      and the position of an incomplete last
      line in a block in case of 'text-align' : justify.
    </div>
    <br>
    direction: rtl; with unicode-bidi: bidi-override;<br>
    <div class='rtl2'  >For the 'direction'
      property to affect reordering in inline-level
      elements, the 'unicode-bidi' property's value
      must be 'embed' or 'bidi-override' .
    </div>
    <br>
    The last text in left to right direction is:<br>
    <div >For the 'direction'
      property to affect reordering in inline-level
      elements, the 'unicode-bidi' property's value
      must be 'embed' or 'bidi-override'.
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Javascript access:

// To SET values ([o] is the target object)
[o].style.direction="direction value"
// To GET values you must first get the computed style object
// To get that object in IE or Opera:
var cStyle=[o].currentStyle;
// To get that object in Firefox, Chrome or Safari (w3c-type):
var cStyle=window.getComputedStyle([o],null)
// To GET the property value:;
var value=cStyle.direction;
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