CSS Reference

"text-align" - css property (v. css 1)

  • To specify the horizontal alignment of text
  • Note that alignments are relative to the width of the element, not the canvas.
  • Initial value: a nameless value that acts as left if direction is ltr, right if direction is rtl
  • The property is inherited
  • HTML usage: block-level elements, table cells and inline blocks
  • Browsers that support the text-align - property :
    Internet Explorer Mozilla Firefox Opera Google Chrome Apple Safari

Possible text-align values:

value Comments CSS
left Aligns the text in the box to the left. 1
right Aligns the in the box text to the right 1
center Centers the text in the box. 1
justify Stretches the lines so that each line has equal width in the box. 1
inherit Will inherit the value from parent specification. This property value is new with CSS 2. 2

Property "text-align" example:

<!DOCTYPE HTML >
<html  >
  <head>
    <title>Test</title>
    <style type="text/css">
      div {border: blue 1px solid; color:black;
           padding: 1em 1em 1em 1em; width: 400px;}
      .right { text-align: right;  }
      .center { text-align: center;  }
      .justify { text-align: justify;  }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <br>text-align: right;<br>
    <div class="right">To specify the horizontal alignment of text.
      Alignments are relative to the width of the element,
      not the canvas.
    </div>
    <br>text-align: center;<br>
    <div class="center">To specify the horizontal alignment of text.
      Alignments are relative to the width of the element,
      not the canvas..
    </div>
    <br>text-align: justify;<br>
    <div class="justify">To specify the horizontal alignment of text.
      Alignments are relative to the width of the element,
      not the canvas.
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Javascript access:

// To SET values ([o] is the target object)
[o].style.textAlign="text-align value"
// To GET values you must first get the computed style object
// To get that object in IE or Opera:
var cStyle=[o].currentStyle;
// To get that object in Firefox, Chrome or Safari (w3c-type):
var cStyle=window.getComputedStyle([o],null)
// To GET the property value:;
var value=cStyle.textAlign;
/* Don not expect that alle browsers returns the right initial value when a text-align values is NOT set.*/
/* If a text-align value was SET you got that value in return*/
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